Ebtissam M. Salah, Mai M. Youssef, Samar M. E. Salem, Hala S. Megahed and Nagwa A. Kantoush, National Research Center, Egypt
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between simple anthropometric parameters (body mass index, waist circumference, waist to statureratio and sum of skinfolds thickness) with cardiovascular risk factors (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, atherogenic index, fasting blood glucose, serum insulin level, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure) in obese and non-obese Egyptian children. The results showed that all anthropometric indices were positively correlated with all examined cardiovascular risk factors and negatively correlated with HDL-C. Obese children were significantly more likely to have two or more risk factors than non-obese participants. In obese children, the most prevalent CVD risk factors were hypertriglyceridemia (90%), followed by high LDL-C (76.6%) and low HDL-C (56.6%). The results indicated that obese children are at great risk for developing CVD. BMI and WSR are the best indices predicting CVD risk factors.
Keywords: cardiovascular disease; risk factors; obesity; children; anthropometry.