Energy poverty and market structure characteristics: Determining the energy access for rural households in developing countries

BILAL MIRZA, UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY, MERIT, THE NETHERLANDS

Abstract: The paper analyses the household energy consumption patterns and income allocation for different energy sources in urban and rural parts of Pakistan. Not surprisingly, there is difference in energy mix used by different income groups in urban and rural parts, however rural rich are more inclined towards using energy sources similar to that of rural poor. The paper highlights a non-conventional rationale (particularly income) of market structure to understand the different access levels that households, particularly rural households have for energy sources.
Keywords: Energy poverty, Market structure, Energy access, Rural households, Rural community

Outlook 2008_Mirza-Itemid=.pdf
Outlook 2008_Mirza-Itemid=.pdf
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