ELISA GIULIANI, UNIVERSITÀ DI PISA, ITALY AND UNIVERSITY OF SUSSEX, UK
ANDREA MORRISON, UTRECHT UNIVERSITY, THE NETHERLANDS AND BOCCONI UNIVERSITY, ITALY
CARLO PIETROBELLI, UNIVERSITÀ ROMA TRE, ITALY
ROBERTA RABELLOTTI, UNIVERSITÀ DEL PIEMONTE ORIENTALE, ITALY
Abstract: This paper explores the determinants of the linkages between industry and research organizations – including universities. We present new evidence on three wine producing areas – Piedmont, a region of Italy, Chile, South Africa - that have successfully reacted to the recent structural changes experienced in the industry worldwide. Based on an original data-set, we carry out an econometric exercise to study the microeconomic determinants of researchers’ collaborations with industry. The evidence reveals that individual researcher characteristics, such as embeddedness in the academic system, age and sex, matter more than their publishing record or formal degrees.
Keywords: University-Industry Linkages, Innovation System, Wine Sector, Emerging Economies