Dr. Eltigani E.B. Abdelgalil
Water Management and Irrigation Institute, University of Gezira, Sudan
Dr. Mohamed E. Gali
Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Gezira, Sudan
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to determine the value of water used in agriculture, the largest consumer of water, in Sudan.
METHODOLOGY: A CropWat model was used to determine the volume of water supplied for irrigation. Net revenue was calculated to determine the output from agriculture.
FINDINGS: The main results show that the net values of water ranged between $0.005/m3 and $0.001/m3 depending on the irrigation system used.
PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: These findings will help in setting the real value and cost of water in agriculture as the sector consuming the largest volume of water, and hence will help policy makers in developing decisions on agricultural water.
SOCIAL VALUE: Valuation of water is one way of making users more aware of its value.
ORIGINALITY VALUE: This paper is the first to determine the value of agricultural water in the country.
KEYWORDS: Value, Water, Agriculture, Irrigation Systems, Sudan.