Techno-economic study of photovoltaics and dish stirling engines for decentralised power generation in Sudan: Part 1: overview and methodology, Mohamed Atta ElManan Bakhit Alhaj and Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Mohamed Atta ElManan Bakhit Alhaj
Hamad bin Khalifah University, Education City, Doha, Qatar PO Box 5825
Kamaruzzaman Sopian
Solar Energy Research Institute SERI, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia, PO Box 43600

Purpose: This paper presents an overview of the power generation market in Sudan, solar energy potential, introduction to photovoltaics (PV) and the dish Stirling engine (DSE), and proposes a methodology for assessing the feasibility of these two technologies in Sudan’s climate.
Methodology: We carried out a detailed literature review of the electricity profile in Sudan, grid access, generation capacity, energy policy and the potential to use solar energy in Sudan for power generation. We also presented a brief technology overview of solar PV and DSE. The principles of economic analysis are discussed. Lastly, we proposed a methodology for carrying a techno economic assessment of PVs and DSEs in Sudan. The second part of this research project will include the outcomes of using this methodology.
Findings: There is a huge potential for solar energy utilisation in Sudan. Average daily solar insolation is 6.1kWh/ m2. Grid access is only 35.9%, and there is heavy reliance on gasoline and diesel generators.
Value: We carried out a comprehensive review of the electricity profile and solar energy potential in Sudan (given the scarce data), and presented important graphical results for solar irradiation in Sudan. Research limitation: There is almost no published data on the status of renewables in Sudan. No ground measurements data for solar radiation were found. This research was conducted in Malaysia; therefore, no onsite surveys or interviews were conducted.
Practical implications: More research work on the technical potential for solar energy is required and this should be peer-reviewed. This implication is relevant to researchers.
Keywords: PV; Dish Stirling engines; Renewable energy; Techno-economic; Sudan; Decentralised; Power plant
Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Alhaj, M. A. B. and Sopian, K. (2018) ‘Techno-Economic Study of Photovoltaics and Dish Stirling Engines for Decentralised Power Generation in Sudan: Part 1: Overview and Methodology’, Int. J. Sudan Research, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp.015–031.

IJSR_V8_N1_2018_Alhag_Sobian (1).pdf
IJSR_V8_N1_2018_Alhag_Sobian (1).pdf

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