Nahid M.T. Fawi* and Amira A. Ahmed
University of Khartoum, Sudan
Purpose: This research aimed to assess the eff ect of manure management strategies implemented in dairy farms in Khartoum on animal health and milk hygiene. Results were based on primary data collected via scientifically structured questionnaires that targeted farm owners in dairy farms scattered at various geographical locations in Khartoum North.
Design/Methodology/Approach: A judgmental non probability sampling method was performed where a total number of 70 dairy farms constituted the sample of the study during 2017. Collected data was analysed to obtain the frequency distributions and chi-square values using the statistical package for social studies (SPSS ver., 11.5). Results showed that (57.1 %) of dairy producers collect manure from the barn . once / week and (55.7%) of them produced 2−6 ton/month.
Findings: The majority of the producers (75.7 %) had no assigned place for manure collection. Most of the owners (88.6%) do not use manure as fertiliser in their farms, and the majority of owners (71.4%) believe that manure causes diseases. (54.3%) of farm owners were satisfied with their manure management strategies. There were non-significant relationship between diseases occurrence and assigning specific places for manure collection and non-significant (p#0.05) relationship between diseases occurrence and rate of manure collection.
Conclusion/Recommendations: The study was concluded with recommendations that aim to leverage the eff orts of Institutes and Research centers to provide extension services tailored to meet the requirements of dairy farmers specially in the traditional sector and that could assist them in valuing adequate manure management practices in the simplest modes using proper scientific disciplines that can decrease health risks; increase milk quality and provide value added manure product to the market, a fact that could turn dairy business into a profitable enterprise.
Keywords: manure management strategies; health risks; milk hygiene; dairy; Khartoum North
Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Fawi, N. M. T and Ahmed, A. A. (2018) “Effect of manure management strategies implemented in dairy farms on animal health and milk hygiene in Khartoum, Sudan”, Int. J. Sudan Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp.87-98